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Apollo Mk. II Preamp Drive

Based On
Catalinbread® RAH
Effect Type
Overdrive / Amp Emulation
Build Difficulty
Project Summary
An adaptation of the custom Hiwatt amplifier used by Jimmy Page of Led Zeppelin during their “Royal Albert Hall” performance from 1970.
Apollo Mk. II Preamp Drive printed circuit board

Printed Circuit Board

What's included?
PCB only. Build instructions and parts list can be viewed or downloaded from this page.


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Project overview

The Apollo Preamp Drive Mk. II is an adaptation of the Catalinbread RAH, based on the custom Hiwatt amplifier used by Jimmy Page in Led Zeppelin’s Royal Albert Hall performance from 1970.
The RAH was originally released in 2011 as the “Royal Albert Hall Edition WIIO”. (The WIIO was an earlier circuit that was also based on the Hiwatt amplifier, but voiced for the tone of Pete Townshend from The Who.) After the release of the RAH, the WIIO was discontinued.

The main difference from the WIIO is the tone stack, which was adapted from Jimmy’s amp (called the “Custom Hiwatt 100 Jimmy Page”) and differs somewhat from their standard amplifiers. Like the original amp, the RAH includes a midrange knob for a full three-band tonestack. A few other values were tweaked to re-voice it for Led Zeppelin’s tone, but overall the RAH and WIIO are close siblings.

Due to the use of MOSFETs instead of JFETs, the RAH circuit is stiffer and less compressed than many of Catalinbread’s other amp-based circuits. It has been described as “unforgiving” in this regard, including by Catalinbread themselves. It does generate plenty of its own distortion, but it takes pedals very well and benefits from a boosted or overdriven signal at the input.

The Apollo Mk. II is a direct adaptation of the RAH. The only modification is the addition of a trimmer that makes a feedback resistor variable, allowing adjustments to the gain, tone and feel of the circuit. The WIIO is also available as the Apollo Mk. I.

A bit of trivia: the WIIO and RAH were developed based on recordings of concerts that were held five weeks apart (Led Zeppelin on January 9, 1970, and The Who on February 14).

Important note: According to Catalinbread[1], the WIIO (and thus the RAH and this pedal) should only be run at 9V. It should not be used with an 18V adapter or with the Aion FX 18V bypass PCB.

Notes & references

  1. See this thread at TGP (erksin was their customer support lead and often responded on forums on behalf of the company)